Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån), officially the U.S. Territory of Guam, is an island in the Western Pacific Ocean and is an organized unincorporated territory of the United States. Guam is located 900 miles north of the equator in the Western Pacific. Guam’s lush tropical terrain along with urban areas within the island covers 220 square miles and is the southernmost island in the Mariana Island chain. Because of its western location from the International Date Line, Guam is the first to experience the new day in the United States; hence Guam is "Where America’s Day begins." Its capital city is Hagatña (formerly Agana).
As a member of the American family, Guam is able to offer visitors a stable and secure environment. Federal law provides local self-government on Guam, U.S. citizenship for her people, and application of the U.S. Constitution to the island. While maintaining its relationship with the United States, Guam also enjoys its strategic location as the gateway to Asia. This proximity makes travel to and from Guam quick and convenient.
The Island of Guam has an ancient history and rich cultural heritage dating back over 4 centuries. Today, Guam is a truly cosmopolitan community with a unique culture that is a combination of ancient Chamorro traditions, over 300 years of Spanish influence and the Roman Catholic Church doctrines. Guam's culture has also been influenced and enriched over the last 50 years by the American, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Chinese and Micronesian immigrants that have each added their unique cultural contributions.
Guam is a 'Tropical Paradise' featuring gleaming white sand beaches, marine and land based out-door activities, historical and cultural landmarks, cosmopolitan dining and active nightlife.
The island was formed by the union of two volcanoes; a limestone plateau in the northern and southern sections of Guam joins the extinct volcanoes. Guam sits at 13 degrees North latitude and 144 degrees East longitude, approximately 210 miles southeast of the Marianas Trench, the deepest trench in the world.
Guam is located approximately 6,000 miles from San Francisco, California; 3,800 miles west of Honolulu, Hawaii; 1,500 miles south of Japan; 1,596 miles from the Philippines; 2,026 miles east of Hong Kong; and 1,922 miles east of Shanghai.